Zubaidah canal

Visit The Canal of Zubaidah for a Wonderful Experience

This canal was built in the early ninth century by the Abbasid queen Zubaidah bint Ja’far to supply freshwater for pilgrims. It is sometimes referred to as the ‘Nehr Zubaidah.’ Zubaida was an Iraqi queen as well as the daughter of Abbasid caliph Mansur’s oldest son, Jaffer. She married Haroon al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid caliphate and he was also her cousin. Al-Rashid is regarded as the wealthiest Caliph in Muslim historiography. Her entire life was dedicated to helping mankind, and she is remembered as one of the most modest Queens of the era. She is also credited for constructing the Nehr-e-Zubaida, popularly known as the Zubaida Canal. The canal, which has serviced pilgrims for over centuries, is an impressive feat of construction, architecture, and technological advancements.

Historical Perspective of Queen Zubaida Canal

The region of Mecca was beset by severe water scarcity, forcing pilgrims to rely on ZamZam water throughout Hajj days. On his sightseeing tour for Hajj in the 17th Hijrah, Caliph Umar bin Khattab (R.A) was disturbed by the water scarcity issue. He as well as the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H) other friends attempted to reach a quick fix, but nothing of the actual content was accomplished. The scarcity of water got so severe that one bucket of water was priced 20 dirhams until the reign of Caliph Haroon Al-Rashid. When her husband died in 193 Hijrah, Queen Zubaida traveled to Hajj and was devastated by the severe drought in Mecca. She convened a gathering of engineers and professionals from across the world to address the situation. Following a reconnaissance of the region, it was determined to construct a canal from the Valley of Hunain. Where a water fountain satisfied all the demands of the public. The valley of Hunain is wherein the Prophet (P.B.U.H) staged a fight known as Ghazwa-e-Hunain. Furthermore, the ground was stony and bleak, and a canal could not be built on the exterior of the soil. The engineers planned to construct an aqueduct (tunnel) with water faucets at various distances whereby people could satisfy their water demands.

Beautiful View Of Zubaidah Canal:

Zubaidah purchased the whole valley in order to fully utilize its water systems. Bringing water from the highlands, on the other hand, was a mammoth undertaking that required vast finances and personnel to carve the rocks and excavate the stony slopes. Queen Zubaida was resolute and commanded the construction to begin, adding that she will fully contribute whenever needed. After so many years of arduous effort, the canal was expanded to Arafat’s Jabal-e-Rahmah. And then subsequently to Mina and Muzdalifah, making it easier for both inhabitants and pilgrims. The full expense was borne by Queen Zubaidah personally. She directed the bank records to be dumped into the canal once the canal was finished, saying, “My recompense is with Allah.”


Zubaida Canal is not just her most notable philanthropic achievement; she once announced that none of her borrowers would be forced to clear their debts, and those who owed her would be granted twice. She repaired the route that linked Kufa to Makkah and Madinah. The pilgrims traveled along a 900-mile stretch of the route. Darb-e-Zubaida, the name of the road, is still etched in her memory. Must read This Article: Other Benefits You Get from Security Doors

Thought-provoking Facts About the Canal of Zubaidah

The Zubaida Canal is a perfect illustration of the Muslim Queen Zubaida’s legacy, which has benefited the Ummah for thousands of years. Following are some of the facts regarding this remarkable canal:
  • The Zubaida Canal is a 35-kilometer-long canal that was created for Hajj pilgrims beginning in 809 AD.
  • It was established by Zubaida, the Muslim royal of Iraq and the wife of Caliph Haroon Al Rashid.
  • An earthquake in 860 AD caused breaches and leaking, which were rectified by the Caliph at the time.
  • The waterway was eventually neglected and severely deteriorated. In 1878 Hijrah, the Saudi government organized a special panel that was able to manage the canal’s water for a period.
  • In 1344 Hijrah, a massive flood in Numan Valley devastated the canal, cutting off its waterways for 3 months.
  • King Abdul Aziz commanded its reconstruction at the start of 1400 Hijrah, but the canal had stagnated by 1980 Hijrah owing to a variety of factors.
  • The Saudi government is now striving to rehabilitate and revitalize the Zubaida Canal in order to sustain Mecca’s water system.

How The Canal Was Constructed?

This did not come inexpensively; Queen Zubaidah purchased the whole valley of Hunain in order to maximize the region’s water supplies. Mountain ranges were slashed, people and machines were deployed, and experts were engaged to obtain water from hilly streams. Queen Zubaida bore the entire cost because her husband passed away by this point.

In A Nutshell:

People who are extremely fond of Islamic history, prefer visiting all of the Islamic landmarks. Muslims living all around the world can avail different bundles and deals in order to perform Hajj and Umrah. Similarly, the Muslims of UK can also obtain amazing bundles and discounts to embark on this precious journey. They can attain exclusive Umrah packages for the citizens of the UK to undertake the pilgrimage. Moreover, within these packages, they can also visit all of the Islamic landmarks they wish. The canal of Zubaidah is one such landmark that holds great importance in the Islamic heritage. The effort that was put at that time to construct this canal was extremely incredible. It solved the biggest issue of the time.
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