The root canal, also known as endodontics, is a procedure to treat an infected tooth. A root canal involves eliminating the infected pulp of the tooth. (pulp consists of nerves and blood vessels).
A root canal is not a hurtful procedure and can save a badly infected tooth. Root canal treatment in Bismarck is a popular treatment for treating your infected teeth. Many patients are anxious and scared to proceed with root canal. In this blog, we will talk about the root canal procedure and success to ease your worries.
The procedure involves removing the pulp, cleaning and shaping the root canal, and filling and sealing the space. Later a crown is placed on the top of the tooth to protect and restore its original functions.
Step by step procedure involves:
- Preparing for root canal treatment: dentist starts with taking x-rays of the affected tooth; with the help of imagining, the dentist determines the extent of damage caused due to infection and how he will access the procedure to clear the infection. Local anesthesia is administered to the patient, which numbs the tooth and gums around it. In cases where the tooth is seriously infected, and nerve innervations are no more sensitive, such teeth do not require local anesthesia.
- Removing the pulp: a rubber sheet is placed around the tooth to ensure that the area is dry during the treatment. This rubber sheet, also known as a dam, prevents swallowing any chemicals the dentist might use during the treatment.
- Cleaning and filling the root canal: now, the dentist cleans and enlarges the root canal. This step may take several sessions to widen the root canal. Incisors and canines have one root with one root canal, while molars and premolars have 2-3 roots having 1-2 root canals each. Therefore, the more the number of roots, the more time is required for cleaning and filling. In case of multiple sessions, the canal is sealed with a temporary sealing until the next session. If a patient develops a fever or any indication of an infection is observed, the patient is given antibiotics.
- Sealing and fixing the tooth: filling for a root canal is inserted and sealed to prevent any infection. Root-filled teeth are easy to break, so a crown is placed on their top to protect them.
- Adding a crown: a crown is made up of powdered glass, ceramic material, and metal. Cement is used to stick the crown on the tooth.
The success rate of a root canal?
This is a highly successful treatment; 9/10 teeth survive the root canal. The addition of a crown increases the chances of survival. In case of infections, the treatment could fail, and the dentist will have to perform a root canal again.