Feet problems are a common symptom of diabetes and excessive blood sugar levels. In addition, it damages blood vessels and nerves over time – leading to foot pain, tingling, and numbness. These conditions further enhance the probability of foot wounds. So, if you have diabetes, it’s best to buy shoes and Diabetic Footwear that alleviate the pressure on your feet.
The Right Diabetic Footwear:
High blood sugar impairs nerve cell signaling to the brain. It can also weaken the capillary walls that deliver oxygen to the nerves, resulting in abnormal blood circulation in the foot. As a result, feet and legs become numb and lose sensation. To control blood sugar levels, you must know how to cure diabetes effectively.
Poor blood circulation slows healing and spreads wounds. A non-healing wound can cause significant tissue and bone damage, requiring the amputation of a leg or foot.
It becomes essential that they avoid walking barefoot whenever feasible. There is also a reduction in the circulation of blood in the foot. Therefore, all people with diabetes must use protective Diabetic Footwear and maintain proper foot care.
How to Select Suitable Diabetic Footwear:
- Find foot-friendly features –
Running shoes with cushioned outer soles, such as EVA soles, can absorb shock. Choose shoes made of breathable materials, such as canvas or soft leather, with Velcro for adjusting the fit to your foot. Your ankles and feet will be well-cushioned due to the shoe’s padded tongue and collar. If you have Charcot’s joint or hammertoes, you should look for shoes with extra depth to accommodate your foot structure.
Toes and feet are not protected when wearing open-toed sandals and flip-flops, which may appear like the ideal design to stay cool during the warmer months. Also, the straps may apply pressure across the foot, which might result in sores.
- Choose shoes with rigid soles –
Forefoot pressure can be reduced by wearing shoes with rigid soles. Because of their rigidity, these shoes don’t let a person’s foot joints move, leading to reduced movement and pressure. In addition, the foot’s arch tendon and plantar fascia are protected from overstretching due to the weight being distributed over a larger portion of the foot. As a result, there is less risk of tissue damage.
- Insoles should be thicker –
On average, non-diabetic insoles measure 3mm in thickness. Diabetics, on the other hand, require insoles ranging from 8mm to 12mm due to the altered foot biomechanics.
People with diminished foot sensation may also have poor muscle control. If the individual continues to place pressure on a weaker area while walking, it might result in imbalances or fractures of the foot or ankle. People with diabetes benefit from thicker insoles since they can better manage their movement.
- Take assistance from a diabetologist –
People with diabetes often do not realize how much pressure they are applying to a particular spot on the ground when they walk because the nerves in their feet have lost their ability to sense pressure. The constant pressure can cause sores and ulcers that take a long time to heal. Therefore, it is necessary that before buying the shoes, you should discuss with a diabetologist about how much pressure you put on your soles.
When standing upright, the ideal distribution of body weight is 50% on the heels, 20% on the big toe, and the remaining 30% on the fore toes and lateral (outside) surfaces of the feet.
An individual’s feet are protected from injury by custom-designed insoles based on a pressure point analysis.
- Sandal choices –
Choose sandals with a backstrap to keep your feet firmly in place if you don’t want to wear shoes. This will help you avoid exerting pressure on your toes to maintain balance or walk.
However, Velcro can cause cuts and scrapes on the foot if not handled with care. So, how to wear diabetic footwear? Avoid wearing slippers that have two prongs. Cotton socks, ideally ones without elastic, should be worn with sandals to prevent blisters.
- Shoe design –
The shoe should have a wide toe box, particularly in the front. Shoes that are too narrow or pointed won’t work. If the footwear is not sufficiently wide, your feet will scrape against the sides. On the other hand, shoes with a small toe box may compress your toes, resulting in problems like corns and calluses.
If you currently have foot deformities, you must order custom-made Diabetic footwear after acquiring the appropriate measurements.
Once the pressure areas under the foot have been identified, the shoe can be customized by adding an extra layer of material to relieve the pressure.
- Check your socks –
When you have neuropathy, your feet lose their sense of touch, making it challenging to identify if a pair of shoes fit correctly. If you’re worried about blisters, wearing socks will help keep your feet dry and comfortable. Choose seamless, moisture-wicking designs that don’t pinch the foot or ankle. When exercising, look for breathable fabrics, such as wool, cotton, or acrylic. In addition, a little more cushioning on the sole and the base of the foot can be beneficial.
How to Cure Diabetes?
Even though there is no cure for diabetes, it can still be treated and kept under control. With suitable diabetic footwear, serious foot problems can be kept at bay for a long time. Always verify that the shoes you select are appropriate, have supporting features, and have a decent fit. Ideally, footwear should have detachable insoles and adequate depth to accommodate orthoses, if necessary.
Globally, diabetes is a major health problem. Hospitalizations for people with diabetes are common due to foot complications, making it crucial to focus on prevention and on patient education. Diabetic foot care should be a major focus in both preventive and reactive treatment plans. People with diabetes who wear improper or ill-fitting footwear frequently experience foot complications, many of which we can avoid by wearing the right footwear.